Adult attachment working models and relationship quality in dating couples

The two approaches, adult attachment theory (Hazen and Shaver 1987) and a lovestyles typology (Lee 1973), were compared in terms of their relationships to one another and ability to predict relationship satisfaction. "A Biased Overview of a Study of Love." Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 3-501. Susan Moore is a social psychologist whose research interests include adolescent sexuality and risk-taking, attitude research, and beliefs about romance and love.

The idea that adult romantic love is a process of attachment, the quality of which is related to an individual’s attachment history with a caregiver has found support in a number of studies (Collins and Read 1990; Bowlby 1979; Hatfield and Rapson 1996; Hazan and Shaver 1987; Levy and Davis 1988).

Self worth was low and the partner was often idealized.

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Anxiously attached people, on the other hand, had a desire to merge with another.

Their relationships were characterized by clinging and neediness, as the partner’s responsiveness was uncertain.

Secure adult attachment was characterized by trust and a desire for closeness without the need to merge completely with another.

In this group, the self was considered worthy of care and the partner was esteemed and expected to be responsive. "Adult Attachment Styles: Some Thoughts on Closeness-Distance Struggles." Family Process, 7-159.

One of the ways that adult attachment styles can be operationalized is through Singelis, Choo and Hatfield’s (1995) Love Schemas Scale.

The scale includes six categories of love: secure, clingy, skittish, fickle, casual and uninterested; that have been found to exemplify the way men and women describe their experiences of love and relationships (Hatfield and Rapson 1996). "Attachment Styles and Patterns of Self-Disclosure." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1-331.

The theory of attachment, first described by Bowlby (1969), postulates that the emotional availability and responsiveness of parents to their infants’ needs in stressful situations, especially separation, becomes the standard by which infants learn to view the world.

Beliefs and expectations about the trustworthiness of others and, concurrently, whether the self is worthy of care and attention are thus developed.

Love can be played with multiple partners, or in a series of one after the other. "Lovestyles and Attachment Styles Compared: Their Relations to each other and to various Relationship Characteristics." Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 9-471.

Storge is a lovestyle that lacks intensity, but is deep in affection and devotion once a commitment to the relationship has been made.

The schemas are dependent on how comfortable one is with closeness and/or independence and how eager one is to be involved in romantic relationships. "The Interrelationship between Intimacy, Relationship Functioning, and Sexuality among Men and Women in Committed Relationships." Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, -38.

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